Who are the „winter“ illnesses and how to avoid them?

Winter is the season of snow, moments of family warmth and comfort, large cups of delicious hot chocolate and joyful experiences shared with family and friends. Rose picture, however, is often spoiled by annoying, unpleasant, sometimes painful diseases.

Who are they and how to pass each of them?

Besides the well-known colds and flu in the winter, also have a seasonal peak or sharpen and catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, sinusitis, osteoarthritis, certain allergies, and sometimes asthma.

Because most of these conditions are related to the respiratory system and in particular their upper section, it is important to always be warm.
This is especially true for the elderly, as they chill, except that predispose to respiratory infections and predispose to exacerbation of osteoarthritis.

Winter can be a particularly difficult season for asthmatics because cold air can trigger bronchial spasms and exacerbation of otherwise well-controlled asthma.

Cold predisposes young children particularly at cold.
They are highly susceptible to viral upper respiratory tract, and they are more than 200 species!
 A child catches a cold on average six times a year. This number decreases with age, in which the immune system matures and the body’s resistance against infections increased. For a real treat colds gone.
Available only symptomatic treatment that relieves symptoms and, in the best case, reduce their duration by several days.
It is best to disagree with colds, and this is very simple – always stay warm.

Sinusitis – infection of the bone cavities draw also occur with higher frequency in winter.
Chronic sinusitis, which until now were not causing discomfort, can also remind yourself during cold weather, when they showed the intense pain and feeling of pressure in the facial bones.

Easier sick in winter due to the weakening of local immunity.
All membranes contain special immune cells that destroy pathogens and not allow them to penetrate the body.
When you breathe in cold air temperature in the upper airways is reduced, which lowers the activity of immune cells.
This greatly facilitates the development of the infectious process, especially in the respiratory tract, as most pathogens of the respiratory tract that is developed in the mucous membranes of the respiratory channel.

Stale air also favors the spread of diseases of the upper respiratory tract, which is why the premises must be regularly ventilated.
 Also, since these are infectious diseases, it is necessary to observe hygiene – regular hand washing and disinfecting the patient objects. If possible, ill should stay at home to limit the spread of disease.

Other small tips that can have a big impact on spending season, received a very warm fluids that hydrate the body, antioxidants such as vitamin C and zinc that help the immune system work more efficiently and refraining from the temptation of taking neumeststniya of drugs. Although no drug should not be underestimated, the latter concerns mainly the antibiotics that are often taken without appropriate medical indications that rarely get away without consequences – dysbiosis with diarrhea, candidiasis of the mouth or vagina, difficult to treat infections resistant bacteria and others.

Other products that must be given particular attention are the drops and nasal sprays containing alfaadrenomimetitsi – xylometazoline, oxymetazoline, etc..
They should not be taken more than five days without interruption, as otherwise they can lead to very unpleasant and difficult to treat condition known as rhinitis medicamentosa.

Caution should be taken with paracetamol containing various sachets and tablets. A large number of non-prescription products containing acetaminophen and often more than one to be taken. You should always monitor the content of paracetamol and make sure that we do not accept more than 2.5 to 3 grams per day, preferably distributed at regular intervals. In no case should be taken with paracetamol alcohol! Assuming more than 3 grams, especially if you combine it with alcohol, the consequences can be unpleasant to serious – discomfort, stomach area pain, severe nausea and vomiting to liver damage and coma.

The patient should be inquired and asked the pharmacist sachets contain ingredients which elevate blood pressure and pulse, and which may cause drowsiness. The first should be avoided by diabetics and hypertensives, the second – while driving.
Activated charcoal should be taken two hours before or after any other medicine, as it may reduce their absorption and reduce their effects.
Request advice from the physician or pharmacist is mandatory – no trivial drugs!


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